The most common way in which genital herpes transmission takes place is by having sex with someone who is having a herpes outbreak. This outbreak means that HSV is active. When active, the virus usually causes visible sores in the genital area. The sores shed viruses that can infect another person.
In some cases genital herpes transmission takes place when a person has an outbreak and has no visible sores at all. There are times when the herpes virus can be rendered active and run the risk of genital herpes transmission; this particular phase is called a symptomatic shedding. A person with herpes does not have to have an actual outbreak to actually promote genital herpes transmission. People often get genital herpes by having sexual contact with others who don’t know they are infected or who are having outbreaks of herpes without any sores.
A person with genital herpes also can infect a sexual partner during oral sex. There are those who believe that genital herpes transmission can take place by touching objects such as a toilet seat or hot tubs. Genital herpes transmission rarely if ever at all takes place in these ways.
Of course one must never discount the possibility of genital herpes transmission taking place by toilet seats, towels or hot tubs since the virus is known to thrive off the human host for short periods of time in warm moist environments. However, as noted above, genital herpes transmissions rarely if ever at all takes place via these mediums.